Zainabiya - Syria

Sayyida Zainab (A)

In: Ahlul-Bayt

Zainabiya - Syria

Birth5th Jamdi ul Awal 5 AH in Medina
TitlesAl Aqilah (gentlewoman), Al Alimah (knowledgeable), Abidatul Ale-Ali(worshipper of Ali’s household), Al Kamilah (the perfect), Al Fadhilah (the virtuous), Al Siddiqah al Sughra (the junior veracious lady), Umm al Masaib (mother of misfortunes)
Death15th Rajab 62 AH  Damascus, Syria

“You are the one who knows without being taught.”
(Imam Zainul Abideen (AS) commended about the intellect and accuracy of Bibi Zainab’s knowledge)

Five years after Hijrah, the Holy Prophet’s (SAW) daughter, Bibi Fatema (A), gave birth to a baby girl. The Ahl ul Bayt and the Prophet’s companions received the news of the birth with gladness. The child born was a lady of great eminence, the future leader of the women and a role model for mankind.

It is also narrated that the Prophet (SAW) foretold the events of her life and the role she would play in saving Islam. Bibi Fatema (A) and Imam Ali (A) asked the Holy Prophet (SAW) to name the child to which the Prophet answered:
“I will not precede my Lord in such a matter”
He then declared that the child be named ‘Zainab’, meaning ‘the embellishment of the father’.

The household of the Holy Prophet was sent by Allah (SWT) as a pure guide for mankind. Bibi Zainab who was one of the pioneers of the greatest revolutions of Islam perfectly reflected the upbringing in this household. Her surroundings emulated the light of knowledge to all parts of the globe. Bibi Zainab’s early education was under the guardianship of the Holy Prophet (SAW). When he passed away, Bibi Zainab was only five years of age. She then turned to the teachings of her mother and father.

Bibi Zainab married her first cousin, Abdullah ibn Ja’far Tayyar who was the noblest man of the Hashemites and one of the most generous men of the Arabs. They had five children, four sons and one daughter; Awn, Ali al-Zaynabi, Muhammad, Abbas, and Ummu-Kulthum.

Bibi Zainab was highly knowledgeable and was free from worldly attachment. This world was seen by her as a place of travel where only that which was necessary for the journey to the hereafter should be taken. She was known for her generosity and always preferred others over herself. She lived a humble life, despite the wealth of her husband. Bibi Zainab was totally devoted to Allah, and it is recorded that she never missed any of her wajib and nafilah prayers even during the events of Kerbala.

Bibi Zainab was renowned for her leadership through her conduct. After the death of her grandmother and mother, she became the leader of the women. She used to hold regular classes in Medina for the women, in which she used to very concisely convey her knowledge. Her subjects included, Islamic Law and Tafsir of the Qur’an. Women used to gather to learn from her teachings and emulate her manners and morals. She delivered her classes in an eloquent manner.  Her eloquence in speech and presentation was acquired from her father, Imam Ali (A). Bibi Zainab also became known as Fasihah (skilfully fluent) and Balighah (intensely eloquent).

When Imam Ali moved to Kufa, Bibi Zainab too moved there and continued holding classes for the women folk there. Once in Kufa, Bibi Zainab was delivering a lecture in which she was presenting the exegesis of the phrase
“Allah (SWT) hears and accepts the praise of one who praises him”

Imam Husayn (A) passed by and upon hearing the voice of his sister; he stopped to listen to what she was saying. Although he was an Imam, he honoured his sister by this act, but not only that, it also goes to show the level of intellect that Bibi Zainab had acquired.

Bibi Zainab’s intellect was seen to be extremely vivid and the capacity to which she absorbed information can only be described as outstanding. To her merit lies the memorisation of the Holy Qur’an, the sayings of the Holy Prophet (SAW) pertaining to Islamic ethics, as well as rules of education.

Abdullah ibn Abbas has reported that Bibi Zainab narrated that Imam Ali (A) was once teaching his daughter how to count and he asked her, “Say: “one” and Bibi Zainab replied “One”. He then asked her “Say: two”. To this she kept silent and did not reply. Upon inquiry by her father about her silence, Bibi Zainab said, “A tongue which pronounces ‘one’ cannot say ‘two’”. Her father hugged and kissed her as a gesture in acknowledgment of her belief in Tawhid of Allah (SWT).

Bibi Zainab died in the year 62 AH. Today there are two shrines, both of which claims Bibi Zainab is buried therein, one in Syria and the other in Egypt but the grave in Damascus appears to be more popular.

Article contribution by Br Ali Bachoo

By: salaamsaheb

Wiladat: Imam Hassan Al Askari (A)

In: Ahlul-Bayt, Articles, Hujjat
Birth10th Rabi-ul Aakher 232 AH in Madina
TitlesAl-Askari
Death8th Rabi-ul Awwal 260 AH  Samarrah, Iraq

“Generosity has a limit, which when crossed becomes extravagance; caution has a limit which when crossed becomes cowardice; thriftiness has a limit, which when crossed becomes miserliness; courage has a limit, which when crossed becomes fool-hardiness. Let this moral lesson suffice: refrain from doing anything which you would disapprove of if done by someone else.”
(as quoted in A Brief History of The Fourteen Infallibles p. 155-157)

Samarra is a garrison town about 60 miles north of Baghdad. River Euphrates flows in the middle of the town, and because of the surrounding hills a cool breeze keeps the area cooler in comparison to Baghdad. The word ‘Asker’ in arabic is used for army. Our 11th Imam’s title became known as Askari, the one who lived all his life in a garrison town

There is another story related with this name by many historians. Once the Caliph called him in his palace and ordered his army to march past before him. The Caliph wanted to boast or to impress the Imam of his power or to dissuade the Imam from any thoughts of revolution against the Abbasid Caliphate. When the march past was over, Imam asked the Caliph to gaze between two of his fingers. What the Caliph saw was a huge army of lancers and swords men marching past, a much bigger crowd than the Caliphs army. He was astonished at this miracle and named him Askari, i.e. the man with a big army.

Imam Hasan al-Askari’s (AS) life from childhood to adulthood was spent in this house where his father Imam Ali an-Naqi (AS) was to remain under house arrest. But despite this close guard on the Imam, he conducted his duties as Imam from inside the house. He taught people Qur’an and instructed his followers the true teachings of Islam as taught by the Prophet of Islam and his Ahlulbayt. In fact Imam Hasan al-Askari (AS) wrote a complete Tafseer of the Qur’an which was mentioned by many scholars, historians and exegetes, including Kulaini and Saduq.

Imam Hasan al-Askari (AS) lived a short life, only 28 years and in this short life he had to endure great sufferings by the hands of the Abbasid caliphs. But in spite of all that suffering and confinement under house arrest in Samarrah, many students of Islam benefited from his God-gifted knowledge and later became scholars in their fields. He discussed with agnostics of that age many times about the existence of God and the reasons for the necessity of the Prophets and Imams and many atheists changed their minds and converted to Islam. One of those was Ishaq al-kindi who was writing a book about contradictions in Qur’an. Imam invited some of his students and taught them lessons from the Qur’an.

These students of Al-kindi confronted their teacher and rejected his arguments about the contradictions in the Holy Book. Al-Kindi realised that these arguments could not have come from the brains of these young students. He asked them about the secret of their extensive knowledge of the Qur’an. In the end they confessed that Imam Hasan al-Askari taught them. Kindi himself became the disciple of our Imam, burnt his own writings on atheism and later wrote many treatises on Islam.

In spite of the fact that the Imam had never given any cause for concern to the Caliphs of his time, their guilt in this matter was so great that they did not leave these pious personalities in peace. If they had no fear of their throne they were afraid of the excellence and knowledge of the Imams. In the case of Imam Hasan al-Askari (AS), the same type of jealousy led to the poisoning of the Imam to end this life of a saint whose only activity was to teach Qur’an as the Prophet and his Ahlulbayt taught before him. During the rule of Al-Mu’tamid poison was given to the Imam mixed in some fruit and he died on 8th Rabi-al-Awwal 260AH. He left only one son, whose name was Muhammad who was only five years old when his father died.

References:
Story of the Holy Ka’aba And its People; By S.M.R. Shabbar; published by Muhammadi Trust of Great Britain

By: hmistryh
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Wiladat of Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (A)

In: Ahlul-Bayt

HIS TITLES

Al-Baqir
Baqir means to split open.  He is known as Al-Baqir for two reasons.

1. Baqir ul Ulum – One who split open knowledge
The Prophet had said “God sends a person in every century with the responsibility of revitalising and spreading the religion” (Mujaddid).

In the 1st century it was Imam Mohammed Al-Baqir (A)  His Imamate was during a time when several threats faced Islam.
(i)With the conquest of Iran and Rome, philosophy and new ideas came to Arabia.  The simple minded Arabs got deviated and started ‘Innovations’-Kiyaas [this means they tried to use their own reasoning when they faced questions or problems (masail).
(ii)The Khalifa’s were occupied in achieving more power, ‘looting’ of new countries  but were reluctant at having new converts to Islam as this would stop jizya (tax paid by non-Muslims) to come to the treasuries.
Islamic rule extended from Marrakesh to Mongolia.
iii) Imam lived in a time of rulers who claimed to be the representatives of the Prophet (SAW) but their behaviour was as follows:

WALEED IBN ABDUL MALIK (86 AH)
He poisoned the 4th Imam.
Was drunk most of the time.
Once sent a slave girl dressed in his clothes to lead fajr prayers.

SULAYMAN BIN ABDUL MALIK (96 AH)
Was very fond of eating.
Died of overeating.

UMAR BIN ABDUL AZIZ (99 AH)
Mentioned later on

YAZID BIN ABDUL MALIK (101 AH)
Allowed slave girl Hubaba to judge.
When she died lived with her corpse as normal.
Wouldn’t allow her to be buried.

HISHAM BIN ABDUL-MALIK (105 AH)
Who poisoned 5th Imam.
 
2. For his worship (ibadat)
Imam used to worship Allah with such devotion that from prostrations his forehead had split.  This is another reason for his title Baqir.

HIS LIFE AND WORKS

Imam Mohammed Baqir’s (A) main mission and message was knowledge.  He encouraged his followers to acquire a Muslim character and to have excellent morals-akhlaq, and disperse in the world for this was the best form of tableegh. He once told his companion Jabir bin Yazid Al-Jufi : 
“There is no Shia who has no taqwa and no obedience to Allah” 
ie. One cannot call oneself a Shia without these two qualities. 

He also talked of 12 signs of a Shia :   
Humility, fear of Allah, trustworthiness, remembrance of Allah, fasts, prays salaa, is good to parents, good to neighbours, is responsible towards widows, orphans & children, fulfils his/her vows, pays back his/her debts, & recites the Qur’an.    

When Umar bin Abdul Aziz became Khalifa in 99 A.H. he called Imam and asked him for some advice.
Imam gave him 3 pieces of advice:-
1. Do not ever celebrate any occasion with excessive happiness which  makes you forget ‘halal’ & ‘haraam’.
2. Never lose yourself in anger so that you forget ‘halal’ & ‘haraam’.
3 Never take away (usurp) anyone’s property.

On hearing the third piece of advice Umar bin Abdul Aziz returned to Imam Mohammed Al-Baqir (A) the garden of Fadak (it was this garden which Abu Bakr had snatched from Sayyida Fatima Zehra (A).  His advisors tried to stop him but he did not listen to them [it was Umar bin Abdul Aziz who stopped the cursing of Imam Ali  (A) in the mosques]

SUMMARY OF HIS LIFE WORKS (Imamat)

In an environment where conversion to Islam was discouraged and where the Khalifas were engrossed in the world and had no morals and were unjust;  it was the light and character of Imam Mohammed Al-Baqir (A.S.) which kept the message of the true Islam alive.
It was he who collected the saying of the Prophet and ‘Aimma in the form of books establishing the laws of Fiqh as we know them today.

HIS DEATH

In 114 AH  Hisham bin Abdul Malik arranged with Zaid bin Hasan (an uncle of Imam) to deliver a poisoned saddle to Imam as a gift.  Imam was thus poisoned and died after 3 days of illness.  His son Imam Ja’fer As-Sadiq (A) buried him in Jannatul Baqee near Imam Hasan (A)

Additional Notes

Once a Christian asked the Imam about the Muslim belief that the fruits of Paradise are not reduced by eating and asked if such an example was available in the world. Imam replied that it was like a lamp.  One may have a hundred thousand lamps lit from one lamp, but it would still not reduce the light of the original lamp.
Before his death he called the people of Madina saying that it would be Imam Ja’fer As-Sadiq (A) who would give him ‘ghusl’ and ‘kafan’, thus informing them of the next Imam.

He had seven children:  Ja’fer (6th Imam) (A); Abdullah; Ibrahim; Ubaydulla; Ali; Zaynab and Salma

The Imam gave much importance in having majlis for Imam Husayn (A); encouraging them as much as possible.

Mohammed bin Munkadir; a great ‘Shaykh’ of the time once saw Imam working in the fields under the hot sun.  He went up to the Imam and told him if death came to him then (whilst working in the fields) what would he do as he was seeking worldly benefit.  Imam answered that if death came to him then it was whilst be was obeying God; he would only fear if death came whilst he was disobeying Allah. 

References:

Hujjat Workshop, Course Notes, Imam Muhammad Baqir (A)

By: admin
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Martyrdom of Fatima Zehra (sa) and the Last day of her life – Will of Fatimah Zehra (sa)

In: Ahlul-Bayt

Imam Ali (as) said: “Instruct me to do anything you wish, daughter of Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw).” Imam Ali (as) then asked everyone to leave the house and he sat next to her.

Fatima Zehra (sa) started: “Cousin, my dear husband, you know very well why I did all that. Please excuse my fussiness; they have suffered so much with me and during my illness that I want to see them happy on the last day of my life. I am happy and also I am sad. Happy I am that my troubles will shortly be over and I shall meet my father and sorry I have to part with you.”

Fatima Zehra (sa) continued: “Cousin, my dear husband, you are not accustomed to me being a False teller, not devoted, or have I disobeyed you since I have become your companion?”

Imam Ali (as) said: “Allah (SWT) forbids! You are more knowing of Allah (SWT), more devoted, more pious, more honorable and more fearing of Allah (SWT) than (to give me a reason) to reprimand you for disobeying me. Surely it is very painful for me to be separated from you and to lose you; but it is an inevitable destination. By Allah (SWT), you have renewed the sorrow I have just encountered with the death of Messenger of Allah, Muhammad (saw); surely your death and departure will be a great calamity, but to Allah we belong, and to Him is our return. (Noble Qur’an, 2:156)

What a painful, bitter and sad calamity. Surely this is a calamity for which there is no console and a disaster for which there is no compensation.”

Then they both cried and Imam Ali (as) embraced her head and said: “Instruct me to do anything you wish; you certainly will find me devoted and I will execute everything that you command me to do. I shall also put your matters over mine.”

Fatima Zehra (sa) said: “May Allah (SWT) reward you with the best of goodness. Cousin, firstly I ask you to marry anybody you like after my death, but you must marry my niece Umamah; surely she will be to my children as I was. Besides, men cannot do without women. She loves my children and Hussain is very much attached to her. Let Fizza remain with you even after her marriage, if she so desires, she was more than a mere servant to me. I loved her like my daughter.”

Fatima Zehra (sa) then added: “I ask you not to let anyone who did injustice to me to witness my funeral, for they certainly are enemies of mine, and the enemy of Messenger of Allah, Muhammad (saw). Also don’t give them the chance to pray over me, nor to any of their followers. I want you to wash me at night, put the shroud on me, perform the prayer upon my body, and bury me at night when eyes are rested and sight is put to sleep. And after my burial, sit beside my grave and recite Noble Qur’an for me.”

Let my death do not dishearten you, you have to serve Islam and humanity for a long time to come. Let not my sufferings embitter your life, promise me cousin, my dear husband.” Imam Ali (as) said, “yes Fatima, I promise” “Cousin, my dear husband”, she continued, “I know how you love my children but be careful of Hussain. He loves me dearly and will miss me sadly, be a mother unto him. Till my recent illness he used to sleep on my chest, he is already missing it.” Imam Ali (as) was caressing the broken hand, his hot and big tears dropped on her hand. She looked up and said, “Do not weep cousin, my dear husband; I know with a rough outward appearance what a tender heart you possess. You already have borne too much and will have to bear more.

Fatimah Zehra (sa) was ready to meet her Lord. She bathed, than lay down in her garment. She then instructed Asma bint Umays to wait awhile and then to call her name; if there was no answer, this would mean that Fatimah Zehra (sa) had departed towards her Lord.

Asma bint Umays waited awhile, then called Fatima’s name, but there was no answer; Asma bint Umays repeated the call: “O daughter of the chosen Muhammad! O daughter of the most honorable of them whom women bore! O daughter of the best of those who have walked on gravel! O daughter of him who ‘was at a distance of but two bow-lengths or (even) nearer.'” (Noble Qur’an, 53:9)

There is no answer, silence overwhelms the house, Asma bint Umays then proceeds towards Fatima Zehra (sa) and finds her dead, the soul had departed to join her Father, Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) in the realm of Grace, Mercy and Might.

At that point, Imam Hassan (as) and Imam Hussain (as) entered and asked Asma bint Umays: “Where is our mother?” “Our Mother did not used to sleep at this time of the day!”

Asma bint Umays replied: “O sons of the Messenger of Allah! Your mother is not sleeping, she has passed away!”

While Imam Hassan (as) heard such words, he fell on the body of his mother and kissed her face and addressed her: “Dear mother! Please talk to me before I pass away.”

Imam Hussain (as) came near and kissed her mother’s feet and said: “Dear mother! I am your son Hussain, talk to me before I pass away.”

Then, Imam Hussain (as) turned towards Imam Hassan (as) and said: “May Allah console you for our Mother!”

By: admin

Can you die from a broken heart?

In: Ahlul-Bayt

A letter from an orphan to her father.

When we left home,
I was but a young girl.
And whilst I was sad to be leaving my dearest Sughra,
I could not even imagine the sorrows that would befall our family.
Tell me father… Can you die from a broken heart?

When I saw my uncle Abbas,
Begging you to let him go to the river and collect some water for me.
I didn’t know what was waiting for him.
And when he never returned father,
I missed him so.
Tell me father… Can you die from a broken heart?

When I saw Qassim and Akbar,
Dressed up like beautiful little soldiers.
How was I to know dad,
That I was not destined to see them again.
I miss them Father.
Please tell me… Can you die from a broken heart?

And then I saw my dear mother Rubab,
Handing over her sweet baby boy Ali Asghar.
And I heard you telling her father, that you would take him to wet his lips.
I didn’t know that those cruel men would take him also.
Didn’t they know that he was only a little baby dad? Didn’t you tell them?
I feel like I may die father… I feel like I may die from a broken heart.

But father, then you left me.
And I watched you ride away on your beloved Zuljanah.
I need to know Baba… did you love him more than you love me? Is that why you left with him and didn’t return?
I really miss you my beloved father,
I wish to lie on your chest just once more.
Why did they take you from me dad,
Did they not know that I can’t live without you?

I wish to see you again father… please.
Even if I have to die alone from a broken heart.

Written by Sister Sabiha Kaba

By: admin

Poem: Bibi Sakina

In: Ahlul-Bayt

Many years ago a little girl sits in a dungeon so dark
After a journey that no child should embark
As she sleeps on the cold dust she remembers the warmth of her father’s chest
And how she slept on it for the last time
He never came back after that..
Just like her six month old brother who died flapping his hands like an injured bird
How she misses playing with him and swinging his cradle
Just like her brave uncle whose death forever quenched her thirst
Whom she remembered when she was slapped hard on her face
I wish u were here o father, o uncle come back and take me away from this place
What came back was the head of her father full of blood.
As she wiped the blood away she kept it on her lap with a tear’s flood
And went to sleep, a peaceful sleep ever
We will remember and mourn her forever

By Zainab Rehmtulla

By: admin

O Hussain (a.s.)

In: Ahlul-Bayt

O Hussain (a.s.)

I sit here
with a candle lit in the darkness
thinking about the tragedy-
a story that will never escape me;

a pain circulates in my palm
as I write nothing but your name
-O Hussain –
your name chases through my veins
and with each tear that falls
my heart fills with grief and sorrow-

I wish I could answer your calls
is anyone there to help?
your voice echoes inside of me
inside my mind, inside my heart,
I am choking with images that
ache to be written in words
by the art of my hand-

the displaced children running aimlessly
unable to hide, they suffer
and as the last images replay in my mind
I stand up and recite this poem in memory of you
-O Hussain-
a martyr for us all.

the candle light burns out-
I cannot see.
I think of you O Hussain and
relentlessly weep.

By: Ridafatema Haji Muraj

By: admin
fatima1

Commemorating the martydom of Lady Fatima Zahra (A)

In: Ahlul-Bayt

fatima1

Birth 

20th Jamadiul Aakher 
(5 yrs before or after declaration of Prophethood)

Titles

Zahra (radiant), Zakiyya (pure, chaste), Radhiyya (satisfied, content),
Mardhiyyah (commendable, pleasing), Siddiqa (honest), Tahera (pure, chaste), Batul, Muhaddisa, Umme Abeeha (mother of her father), Ummul Aimma (mother of the 11 Imams)

Death   

14th Jamadiul Awwal 11 AH (according to most traditions)

Fatima (A) narrates that the Prophet (S) stated:

The example of my Ahl al-Bayt is like the example of the ark of Nuh; whoever attaches himself to them is saved, and whoever abandons them will tumble into hell.” (Musnad Fatima 482/6)

The Will of Fatima (A)

Whoever studies the life of Fatima (A) – no matter which sect he follows and which version of events he believes – will first be struck by a question. Why, while the spiritual authority of the Prophet (S) still lingered over the Muslims community, did his daughter make a will that she should be buried in the night and no companions, save a few, be allowed to be present and participate in her funeral prayer?

What had infuriated Fatima (A), about whom the Prophet’s love and respect was well known, to the extent that she distanced herself from his companions, both in the short time that she survived him, as well as in death?

Why did she not want them to pay their last respects to her or console her family? Perhaps Fatima (A) knew that, even though words and deeds might be lost in history, and different versions of events would be created, however, the bitter and unusual circumstances of the burial of the daughter of the Prophet would not be distorted or explained away easily, and would forever raise a question in the minds of future generations. In any case, what is before us is the sorrowful narrative of the anger of the daughter of the Prophet (S) at his companions, and even if we disregard its reason, it is something very instructive.

Shaykh al-Mufid narrates from Imam al-Husain (A): [During her final illness, Fatima, the daughter of the Prophet of God, asked ˋAli (A) not to reveal her illness to anyone. Ali respected her wish and nursed her himself, and Asma b. ˋUmais helped him in secret. When her death approached, she asked Ali (A) that he should be in charge of all matters relating to her funeral and bury her in the night and remove all traces of her grave.] (1)

Ibn ˋAbbas narrates: [Fatima made a will that Abu Bakr and ˋUmar should not be informed when she died, and that they should not pray the funeral prayers over her. Therefore, Ali (A) buried her in the night and did not inform them of her passing.] (2)

Shaykh al-Saduq narrates from Imam Ali (A): [When Fatima’s death approached, she called for me and said, “Will you carry out my request and will?”. I said, “Yes.” Then she said, “When I leave this world, bury me in the night, and do not allow those two men (who she named) to be present at my funeral.” When her health worsened, the women of the Muhajir and Ansar came to visit her and enquired about her condition, She replied, “By God, my condition is such that I dislike this world of yours, and am angry at your men-folk.”] (3)
 
Ibn Shahr al-Ashub narrates in his Manaqib: [In her will to Ali, Fatima mentioned three things: that he marry her niece Umama (4), because she loved Fatima’s children dearly; to fashion her bier in the manner that the angels had described to her; and to forbid those who had wronged her from attending her funeral, or praying over her body.] (5)

Her Death

There is no doubt that the death of Fatima occurred in 11 AH. However, there is disagreement about the exact date of her death and her age at the time. In al-Kafi, Kulayni reports that she lived 75 days after the death of her father (S) and that she was 18 years and 75 days old when she left this world. (6) According to this report, Fatima (A) must have passed away on 13th Jamadi al-Ula. Ibn Shahr al-Ashub records her death date as 13th Rabiˋ al-Akhar, which is 45 days after the Prophet (S) passed away, although he himself believes that the most accurate date is 40 days afterwards.

Shaykh al-Tusi has recorded her death date as 3rd Jamadi al-Thani, 11 AH, which is 95 days after the Prophet (S) passed away. (7)

Hakim al-Nishaburi narrates from Ibn ˋAbbas:
[When Fatima fell mortally ill she said to Asma’ b. al-ˋUmais, (8) “Do you realise what a distressing time has arrived for me? (9) I must be hidden from the eyes of the people when I am carried before them.” Asma’ said, “I swear by my life, I will make a bier for you in the shape that I saw used in Abyssinia.” Fatima asked for more details, so Asma’ obtained some fresh wood and made a bier (tabut), and this was the first time such a device had been used (in Islam). Fatima (A) smiled when she saw it, and this was the first time I had seen her smile since her father had passed away. When she died, we carried her in the same bier and buried her at night. (10)]

Shaykh al-Tusi narrates from Imam al-Sadiq (A): [“The first bier mentioned in the history of Islam was that of Fatima (A) (11).” Then he has quoted a similar tradition to the one above.]

Majlisi has narrated from Imam al-Baqir (A): [Fatima was ill for 15 days before she passed away.] (12) It has also been reported from Imam al-Baqir (A) that: [Fatima’s illness began fifty days after the Prophet (S) passed away. When she realised that this was her final illness, she began to gather her affairs and she called Ali (A) and dictated to him her final wishes. Amir al-Mu’mineen (A) was severely shaken by her news, but would hasten to do whatever she requested.
 
Fatima said to him, “O Abu’l Hasan, the messenger of God (S) promised me that I would be the first from his Ahl al-Bayt to join him and this will definitely come to pass. So, for the sake of God, be patient and be satisfied with whatever the future holds.”] (13)

Fattal Nishaburi has reported that:
[Fatima became severely ill and this illness lasted for forty days before she passed away. When she saw signs that her death was drawing close, she called Umm Ayman and Asma’ bint al-ˋUmays (to keep her company) and sent someone to look for Ali (A). When Ali (A) arrived, she said, “O cousin! Death has approached me, and I feel that it will not be very long before I join my father. I wanted to tell you matters that are in my heart. Ali (A) told her, “Say whatever you desire, O daughter of the messenger of God!” He then asked everyone who was in the room to leave and came to sit beside her head. Fatima said, “O cousin! Ever since we have lived together you I have never lied to you or betrayed your trust. And I have never disobeyed you in any matter.” Ali (A) exclaimed, “I seek refuge in God! You are more good, more pious, more noble and more aware of God and more afraid of Him to ever give me the least cause to censure you. Your separation and parting from is very difficult for me, but what choice is there? I swear by God that you have rekindled anew the sorrow that I felt at the passing of the Prophet (S). Your death will be very difficult for me to bear. Indeed, We are from God, and to Him we will return. How painful and heartrending is this trial! I swear by God, there is no consolation for this loss and nothing can supersede it.”

After this both of them wept for some time. Then Ali (A) placed her head on his lap and said, “Tell me whatever your last wishes are. I will do whatever you ask, and give preference to you wishes above my own.”

Fatima said, “May God give you the best of rewards, O cousin of the Prophet (S)!

First, I want you to marry my niece Amama after me, because a man needs a wife, and Amama will look after my children as I would myself.” (It was for this reason that Ali (A) used to say, “There are four matters that I cannot avoid. The first is marrying Amama, daughter of Abi al-ˋAs, because Fatima had asked me do to so.)

“Secondly, I want you to prepare for me a bier which the angels have described to me.” Ali said, “Describe it for me.” Fatima described the features of it and Ali later had it constructed, and this was the first time that such a bier had been used in Arabia. It had not been seen before.

“Thirdly, I do not want any of those who have tormented me and usurped my rights to be present at my funeral, because they are my enemies and the enemies of the Messenger of God (S). Do not allow any of them or their supporters to participate in the funeral prayers over me. And bury me at night, when people are fast asleep.” Then Fatima left this world.

Soon, cries of the mourning of the people of Madina rang out. The women of Banu Hashim gathered in the house and the sound of their weeping and lamenting caused a stir in the town. They cried, “O our Lady! O daughter of the messenger of God!”

People swarmed towards Ali (A). He was sitting and Hasan (A) and Husain (A) sat opposite to him, weeping. At witnessing their weeping, the people broke down in tears also.

Umm Kulthum came out wearing a long cloak and with her face covered; she was crying, “O Grandfather, O Messenger of God! Today we have truly lost you. We will never see a trace of you anymore!”

People were sitting and mourning and waiting to accompany the body of Fatima and to pray the funeral prayers over her. At that time, Abu Dhar came out and announced, “Depart, because the funeral of the daughter of the Prophet has been delayed to later.” The people stood up and departed.

When a part of the night had elapsed, and people were asleep, Ali (A), Hasan (A) and Husain (A), accompanied by ˋAmmar, Miqdad, ˋAqeel, Zubayr, Abu Dhar, Salman, Burayda, and a few members of Banu Hashim brought out the body of Fatima and prayed the funeral prayers over her. They then buried her in the heart of night, and Ali (A) made seven more graves around her grave, so that the exact location of her grave could not be ascertained.

Footnotes:

1 Musnad, p. 393, trad. 3, quoting the Amali of Mufeed.
2 Musnad, p. 412, trad. 18, quoting from Manaqib of Ibn Shahr al-Ashub.
3 Musnad, p. 553, trad. 2, quoting from Maˋani al-Akhbar.
4 Umama b. Abi al-ˋAs, the daughter of Fatima’s sister Zainab.
5 Musnad, p. 411, trad 16, quoting from Manaqib.
6 al-Kafi, vol. 1, p. 458.
7 Misbah al-Mutahajjid, p. 554.
8 Asma’ was the wife of Jaˋfar b. Abu Talib, and had migrated with him to Abyssinia. After the martyrdom of Jaˋfar, she was married to Abu Bakr, and after his death, she was married to Amir al-Mu’mineen (A).
9 Referring to the prospect of having her body seen by the Muslims.
10 Musnad, p. 429, trad. 56, quoting from Mustadrak al-Sahihain.
11 Musnad, p. 406, trad. 9, quoting from Tahdhib al-Ahkam.
12 Musnad, p. 416, trad. 9, quoting from Bihar al-Anwar.
13 Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 4, p. 201.

Article contribution by Sheikh Abbas Jaffer

 

 

By: admin
Jannatul Baqee

Commemorating the martydom of Lady Fatima Zahra (A)

In: Ahlul-Bayt

Jannatul Baqee

Birth 

20th Jamadiul Aakher 
(5 yrs before or after declaration of Prophethood)

Titles

Zahra (radiant), Zakiyya (pure, chaste), Radhiyya (satisfied, content),
Mardhiyyah (commendable, pleasing), Siddiqa (honest), Tahera (pure, chaste), Batul, Muhaddisa, Umme Abeeha (mother of her father), Ummul Aimma (mother of the 11 Imams)

Death   

14th Jamadiul Awwal 11 AH (according to most traditions)

Fatima (A) narrates that the Prophet (S) stated:

The example of my Ahl al-Bayt is like the example of the ark of Nuh; whoever attaches himself to them is saved, and whoever abandons them will tumble into hell.” (Musnad Fatima 482/6)

The Will of Fatima (A)

Whoever studies the life of Fatima (A) – no matter which sect he follows and which version of events he believes – will first be struck by a question. Why, while the spiritual authority of the Prophet (S) still lingered over the Muslims community, did his daughter make a will that she should be buried in the night and no companions, save a few, be allowed to be present and participate in her funeral prayer?

What had infuriated Fatima (A), about whom the Prophet’s love and respect was well known, to the extent that she distanced herself from his companions, both in the short time that she survived him, as well as in death?

Why did she not want them to pay their last respects to her or console her family? Perhaps Fatima (A) knew that, even though words and deeds might be lost in history, and different versions of events would be created, however, the bitter and unusual circumstances of the burial of the daughter of the Prophet would not be distorted or explained away easily, and would forever raise a question in the minds of future generations. In any case, what is before us is the sorrowful narrative of the anger of the daughter of the Prophet (S) at his companions, and even if we disregard its reason, it is something very instructive.

Shaykh al-Mufid narrates from Imam al-Husain (A): [During her final illness, Fatima, the daughter of the Prophet of God, asked ˋAli (A) not to reveal her illness to anyone. Ali respected her wish and nursed her himself, and Asma b. ˋUmais helped him in secret. When her death approached, she asked Ali (A) that he should be in charge of all matters relating to her funeral and bury her in the night and remove all traces of her grave.] (1)

Ibn ˋAbbas narrates: [Fatima made a will that Abu Bakr and ˋUmar should not be informed when she died, and that they should not pray the funeral prayers over her. Therefore, Ali (A) buried her in the night and did not inform them of her passing.] (2)

Shaykh al-Saduq narrates from Imam Ali (A): [When Fatima’s death approached, she called for me and said, “Will you carry out my request and will?”. I said, “Yes.” Then she said, “When I leave this world, bury me in the night, and do not allow those two men (who she named) to be present at my funeral.” When her health worsened, the women of the Muhajir and Ansar came to visit her and enquired about her condition, She replied, “By God, my condition is such that I dislike this world of yours, and am angry at your men-folk.”] (3)
 
Ibn Shahr al-Ashub narrates in his Manaqib: [In her will to Ali, Fatima mentioned three things: that he marry her niece Umama (4), because she loved Fatima’s children dearly; to fashion her bier in the manner that the angels had described to her; and to forbid those who had wronged her from attending her funeral, or praying over her body.] (5)

Her Death

There is no doubt that the death of Fatima occurred in 11 AH. However, there is disagreement about the exact date of her death and her age at the time. In al-Kafi, Kulayni reports that she lived 75 days after the death of her father (S) and that she was 18 years and 75 days old when she left this world. (6) According to this report, Fatima (A) must have passed away on 13th Jamadi al-Ula. Ibn Shahr al-Ashub records her death date as 13th Rabiˋ al-Akhar, which is 45 days after the Prophet (S) passed away, although he himself believes that the most accurate date is 40 days afterwards.

Shaykh al-Tusi has recorded her death date as 3rd Jamadi al-Thani, 11 AH, which is 95 days after the Prophet (S) passed away. (7)

Hakim al-Nishaburi narrates from Ibn ˋAbbas:
[When Fatima fell mortally ill she said to Asma’ b. al-ˋUmais, (8) “Do you realise what a distressing time has arrived for me? (9) I must be hidden from the eyes of the people when I am carried before them.” Asma’ said, “I swear by my life, I will make a bier for you in the shape that I saw used in Abyssinia.” Fatima asked for more details, so Asma’ obtained some fresh wood and made a bier (tabut), and this was the first time such a device had been used (in Islam). Fatima (A) smiled when she saw it, and this was the first time I had seen her smile since her father had passed away. When she died, we carried her in the same bier and buried her at night. (10)]

Shaykh al-Tusi narrates from Imam al-Sadiq (A): [“The first bier mentioned in the history of Islam was that of Fatima (A) (11).” Then he has quoted a similar tradition to the one above.]

Majlisi has narrated from Imam al-Baqir (A): [Fatima was ill for 15 days before she passed away.] (12) It has also been reported from Imam al-Baqir (A) that: [Fatima’s illness began fifty days after the Prophet (S) passed away. When she realised that this was her final illness, she began to gather her affairs and she called Ali (A) and dictated to him her final wishes. Amir al-Mu’mineen (A) was severely shaken by her news, but would hasten to do whatever she requested.
 
Fatima said to him, “O Abu’l Hasan, the messenger of God (S) promised me that I would be the first from his Ahl al-Bayt to join him and this will definitely come to pass. So, for the sake of God, be patient and be satisfied with whatever the future holds.”] (13)

Fattal Nishaburi has reported that:
[Fatima became severely ill and this illness lasted for forty days before she passed away. When she saw signs that her death was drawing close, she called Umm Ayman and Asma’ bint al-ˋUmays (to keep her company) and sent someone to look for Ali (A). When Ali (A) arrived, she said, “O cousin! Death has approached me, and I feel that it will not be very long before I join my father. I wanted to tell you matters that are in my heart. Ali (A) told her, “Say whatever you desire, O daughter of the messenger of God!” He then asked everyone who was in the room to leave and came to sit beside her head. Fatima said, “O cousin! Ever since we have lived together you I have never lied to you or betrayed your trust. And I have never disobeyed you in any matter.” Ali (A) exclaimed, “I seek refuge in God! You are more good, more pious, more noble and more aware of God and more afraid of Him to ever give me the least cause to censure you. Your separation and parting from is very difficult for me, but what choice is there? I swear by God that you have rekindled anew the sorrow that I felt at the passing of the Prophet (S). Your death will be very difficult for me to bear. Indeed, We are from God, and to Him we will return. How painful and heartrending is this trial! I swear by God, there is no consolation for this loss and nothing can supersede it.”

After this both of them wept for some time. Then Ali (A) placed her head on his lap and said, “Tell me whatever your last wishes are. I will do whatever you ask, and give preference to you wishes above my own.”

Fatima said, “May God give you the best of rewards, O cousin of the Prophet (S)!

First, I want you to marry my niece Amama after me, because a man needs a wife, and Amama will look after my children as I would myself.” (It was for this reason that Ali (A) used to say, “There are four matters that I cannot avoid. The first is marrying Amama, daughter of Abi al-ˋAs, because Fatima had asked me do to so.)

“Secondly, I want you to prepare for me a bier which the angels have described to me.” Ali said, “Describe it for me.” Fatima described the features of it and Ali later had it constructed, and this was the first time that such a bier had been used in Arabia. It had not been seen before.

“Thirdly, I do not want any of those who have tormented me and usurped my rights to be present at my funeral, because they are my enemies and the enemies of the Messenger of God (S). Do not allow any of them or their supporters to participate in the funeral prayers over me. And bury me at night, when people are fast asleep.” Then Fatima left this world.

Soon, cries of the mourning of the people of Madina rang out. The women of Banu Hashim gathered in the house and the sound of their weeping and lamenting caused a stir in the town. They cried, “O our Lady! O daughter of the messenger of God!”

People swarmed towards Ali (A). He was sitting and Hasan (A) and Husain (A) sat opposite to him, weeping. At witnessing their weeping, the people broke down in tears also.

Umm Kulthum came out wearing a long cloak and with her face covered; she was crying, “O Grandfather, O Messenger of God! Today we have truly lost you. We will never see a trace of you anymore!”

People were sitting and mourning and waiting to accompany the body of Fatima and to pray the funeral prayers over her. At that time, Abu Dhar came out and announced, “Depart, because the funeral of the daughter of the Prophet has been delayed to later.” The people stood up and departed.

When a part of the night had elapsed, and people were asleep, Ali (A), Hasan (A) and Husain (A), accompanied by ˋAmmar, Miqdad, ˋAqeel, Zubayr, Abu Dhar, Salman, Burayda, and a few members of Banu Hashim brought out the body of Fatima and prayed the funeral prayers over her. They then buried her in the heart of night, and Ali (A) made seven more graves around her grave, so that the exact location of her grave could not be ascertained.

Footnotes:

1 Musnad, p. 393, trad. 3, quoting the Amali of Mufeed.
2 Musnad, p. 412, trad. 18, quoting from Manaqib of Ibn Shahr al-Ashub.
3 Musnad, p. 553, trad. 2, quoting from Maˋani al-Akhbar.
4 Umama b. Abi al-ˋAs, the daughter of Fatima’s sister Zainab.
5 Musnad, p. 411, trad 16, quoting from Manaqib.
6 al-Kafi, vol. 1, p. 458.
7 Misbah al-Mutahajjid, p. 554.
8 Asma’ was the wife of Jaˋfar b. Abu Talib, and had migrated with him to Abyssinia. After the martyrdom of Jaˋfar, she was married to Abu Bakr, and after his death, she was married to Amir al-Mu’mineen (A).
9 Referring to the prospect of having her body seen by the Muslims.
10 Musnad, p. 429, trad. 56, quoting from Mustadrak al-Sahihain.
11 Musnad, p. 406, trad. 9, quoting from Tahdhib al-Ahkam.
12 Musnad, p. 416, trad. 9, quoting from Bihar al-Anwar.
13 Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 4, p. 201.

Article contribution by Sheikh Abbas Jaffer

 

 

By: admin
emame_sajjad_32

Imam Al Sajjad (A)

In: Ahlul-Bayt

The Holy Imam Zaynu’l-‘Abidin lived for about thirty-four years after his father and all his life he passed in prayers and supplication to Allah and in remembrance of his martyred father. It is for his ever being in prayers to Allah, mostly lying in prayerful prostration, that this Holy Imam was popularly called “Sajjad”. The knowledge and piety of this Holy Imam was matchless.

Az-Zuhri, Al-Waqid; and Ibn ‘Uyaynah say that they could not find any one equal to him in piety and godliness. He was so mindful of Allah that whenever he sat for ablution for prayers, the complexion of his face would change and when he stood at prayer his body was seen trembling.

When asked why this was, he replied, “Know ye not before whom I stand in prayer, and with whom I hold discourse?”
Even on the gruesome day of ‘Ashura when Yazid’s forces had massacred his father, his kith and kin and his comrades and had set fire to the camp, this Holy Imam was engrossed in his supplications to the Lord. When the brutal forces of Yazid’s army had taken the ladies and children as captives, carrying them seated on the bare back of the camels, tied in ropes; this Holy Imam, though sick, was put in heavy chains with iron rings round his neck and his ankles, and was made to walk barefooted on the thorny plains from Karbala’ to Kufah and to Damascus; and even then this godly soul never was unmindful of his prayers to the Lord and was always thankful and supplicative to Him.

His charity was unassuming and hidden. After his passing away, the people said that hidden charity ended with the departure of this Holy Imam. Like his grand-father ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib, ‘Ali Zaynu’l-‘Abidin used to carry on his own back at night bags of flour and bread for the poor and needy families in Medina and he so maintained hundred of poor families in the city.

The Holy Imam was not only hospitable even to his enemies but also used to continually exhort them to the right path. Imam Zaynu ‘l-‘Abidin along with the Ahlu ‘I-Bayt passed through dreadful and very dangerous times, for the aggressions and atrocities of the tyrant rulers of the age had reached a climax. There was plunder, pillage, and murder everywhere. The teachings of Islam were observed more in their breach. The heartless tyrant al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf ath-Thaqaf; was threatening every one who professed allegiance or devotion to the Ahlu ‘I-Bayt; and those caught were mercilessly put to death. The movement of the Holy Imam was strictly restricted and his meeting with any person was totally banned. Spies were employed to trace out the adherents of the Ahlu ‘I-Bayt. Practically every house was searched and every family scrutinized.

Imam Zaynu ‘l-‘Abidin was not given the time to offer his prayers peacefully, nor could he deliver any sermons. This God’s Vicegerent on earth therefore, adopted a third course which proved to be very beneficial to his followers. This was in compiling supplicative prayers for the daily use of man in his endeavour to approach the Almighty Lord. The invaluable collection of his edited prayers are known as as-Sahifah al-Kdmilah or As-Sahifah as-Sajjddiyyah; it is known also as Az-Zabur (Psalm) of Al Muhammad The collection is an invaluable treasury of wonderfully effective supplications to the Lord in inimitably beautiful language. Only those who have ever come across those supplications would know the excellence and the beneficial effect of these prayers. Through these prayers the Imam gave all the necessary guidance to the faithful during his seclusion. On the 25th of Muharram 95 AH when he was in Medina, al-Walid ibn ‘Abdi ‘l-Malik ibn Marwan, the then ruler got this Holy Imam martyred by poison. The funeral prayers for this Holy Imam were conducted by his son the Fifth Imam, Muhammad al-Baqir and his body was laid to rest in the cemetery of Jannatu ‘l-Baqi’ in Medina.

Allamah Tabatabai writes:

Imam Sajjad (‘Ali ibn al-Husayn entitled Zaynu’l-‘Abidin and Sajjad) was the son of the Third Imam and his wife, the queen among women, the daughter of Yazdgerd the King of Iran. He was the only son of Imam Husayn to survive, for his other three brothers ‘Ali Akbar, aged twenty-five, five-year-old Ja’far and ‘Ali al-Asghar (or ‘Abdullah) who was a suckling baby were martyred during the event of Karbala’. The Imam had also accompanied his father on the journey that terminated fatally in Karbala’, but because of severe illness and the inability to carry arms or participate in fighting he was prevented from taking part in the holy war and being martyred. So he was sent with the womenfolk to Damascus. After spending a period in imprisonment he was sent with honour to Medina because Yazid wanted to conciliate public opinion. But for a second time, by the order of the Umayyad caliph, ‘Abdu ‘l-Malik, he was chained and sent from Medina to Damascus and then again returned to Medina. The Fourth Imam, upon returning to Medina, retired from public life completely, closed the door of his house to strangers and spent his time in worship. He was in con- tact only with the elite among the Shi’ites such as Abu Hamzah ath-Thumali, Abu Khalid Kabuli and the like. The elite disseminated among the Shi’ah the religious sciences they learned from the Imam. In this way Shi’ism spread considerably and showed its effects during the Imamate of the Fifth Imam. Among the works of the Fourth Imam is a book called Sahifah Sajjadiyyah. It consists of fifty-seven prayers concerning the most sublime Divine sciences and is known as “The Psalm of the Household of the Prophet.”

Some of the sayings of Al-Imam ‘Ali ibn al-Husayn, (A):

• Refrain from lying in all things, big or small, in seriousness or in jest. For when one starts lying in petty matters, soon he will have the audacity to lie in important matters (also).

• A man need not fear Allah except on account of his own sins, and should place his hopes only with his Lord.

• When about something one does not know, one should not be ashamed of having to learn about it.

• Patience is to faith what the head is to the body; one who does not have patience also lacks faith.

• Once, one of his companions complained to him that out of jealousy some people whom he had served very well were treating him badly. The Imam gave him some advice which was:

• Guard your tongue and do not speak about people whatever comes out of your mouth, otherwise you will turn your friends into your enemies.

• Avoid saying things which the minds of people are not prepared to accept.

• He who does not have wisdom will be ruined by the a smallest thing (Mistake).

• What harm will come to you if you take all Muslims to be your family and your relations? Consider your elders to be your parents, those younger than you as your children and those of your age as your brothers. If you do so who is going to harm or abuse you?

• Whenever a thought comes in your mind that you are better than any other person, then think along these lines:

• If the person is older than you then remind yourself that this person is better than you in matters of Islam because he has done more good deeds than you have.

• If the person is younger than you then remind yourself that this person is better than you because he has committed less sins than you have.

• If he is of your age than your argument should be: he is better than you in matters of Islam since you know of your own sins but not of his.

• If people show respect to you, think that this is because the people are very good not that you are good. If the people say bad things about you, think that something is really wrong with you. If you live in this way, life will become pleasant for you, you will make many friends and your enemies will be few.

• Do not have relationship with, nor talk with nor give company to 5 types of people:

• The Liar: because they are like mirage: With their words they show things different from what they really are. What is near they make it look far and what is far they make it look near. In this way, they take you away from truth.
• The Greedy and the Sinner: because you cannot rely on their friendship; for a small piece of food or even less than that, they will sell you.

• The Miser: because they will let you down when you need them most.

• The Fool: because even when they try to do you good, they will end you in difficulties.

• Those Who have cut relationship with their relatives, because Allah has cursed them in the Qur’an.

• Try to earn a high position in Paradise (Jannah). Remember: Highest positions will be given to those who have been most useful to their brothers in faith and who have been most helpful to the needy.

• Remember: There are times when a person says but one good sentence and that brings him very near to Allah and brings his freedom on the Day of Judgement.

• Never think that what you do for your brother in faith is unimportant because these are the things that will be of much use to you on a day when nothing else will be of any use.

• Drinking (Alcohol and other forbidden drinks) and Gambling are such sins that they destroy the power to stop committing other sins.

• (Speaking) Good words increase a person’s wealth and sustenance (Rizk), prolong his life, make him to be loved by his wife and children and take him to paradise.

 

Article copied from Facebook posting by Sh. Jehad Ismail on Facebook.

By: admin