Imam Musa al-Kadhim (A) DayIn: Ahlul-Bayt
Imam Musa al-Kadhim (A):
“The best ways to gain closeness to Allah, after knowing Him, are prayer, kindness to one’s parents, and giving up envy, vanity and pride.”
|Birth||7th Safar 128 AH in Abwa|
|Titles||Al-Kadhim, Babul Hawaaij|
|Death||25th Rajab 183 AH Baghdad (Buried in Kadhmain)|
He is one of the Imams whose miracles in childhood are reported extensively. Imam Ja’far As-Sadiq (A) repeatedly pointed out * Imam Musa Al-Kadhim (A) as his successor because he knew of the people who after his death would differ.
*The Ismailis say Ismail (Imams eldest son who died whilst Imam Ja’far Sadiq (A) was still alive) was the 7thImam. One of the 6th Imam’s other sons – Abdullah also claimed Imamate.
Yaqub Al-Saraaj visited the 6thImam once who told him to greet his son Musa who was a week old in his cradle. Imam Musa replied to the salaam and told Yaqub to change his daughters name (Humayra) as it was a name not liked by Allah.
Safwan (a companion of the 6thImam) once saw the young Imam Musa teaching the lamb he was playing with to prostrate to Allah. Once when Imam was 5 years old, Abu Hanifa came to visit the 6thImam. He asked Imam Musa (A):
“O son of the Prophet! What is your opinion about the deeds of man? Does he do them on his own free will or does God make him do them?”
The 7th Imam replied:
“The doings of man can have three possibilities –
(i) God compels a man to do them whilst he is helpless.
(ii) Both God and man share the commitment.
(iii) Man does them alone.
If the first is true than God cannot punish man for sins he did not commit. If the second is true than too God cannot punish man for he is an equal partner. Then, we are naturally left with the third, that man is absolutely responsible for his own doings.”
These were used to avoid using Imams name as the very mention of it would lead to arrest, torture, harassment and/or death.
Babul Hawaaij (Door of fulfilment of needs)
Even after his death people have their needs fulfilled and do not return empty handed from his shrine (Ask especially for cure of physical illnesses, especially eyes).
Kadhim (One who swallows his anger)
Imam Musa (A) lived in an era when the rulers were the cruellest ever. Their hatred for the Ahlul Bayt and their followers was intense. Imam’s followers were constantly harassed and tortured. The last 19 years of his life was spent in prison. Despite all these hardships, he was always patient spending entire nights in the worship of Allah. His character even converted the prison wardens towards him.
He had 19 sons and 18 daughters. The most famous of his sons is Imam Ali Ar-Ridha (A) and the most famous of his daughters is Fatima Kubra known as Masuma Qum who is buried in Qum.
Imam Musa Kadhim, Course Notes, Hujjat Workshop