Eid-ul-Fitr: Before, During and AfterIn: General
“Ah, what will convey unto thee what the Night of Power is? The Night of Power is better than a thousand months” (97:2-3)
Staying awake the whole night, praying 100 rakats of Salat, reciting Dua Abu Hamza Thimali … but why? What makes Laylatul Qadr the greatest and most important night in the Islamic calendar? The answer is twofold. Firstly, the Holy Qur’an was revealed to the Holy Prophet (SAWW) on this night, and secondly, we Shia believe that our fate for the following year is also decided on this night. In fact, whilst Qadr literally means ‘measure’, it has also been translated as ‘power’, ‘predestination’ and ‘destiny’. Therefore, we spend each of the possible nights of Qadr observing Ehyaa (‘revival’), by praying for forgiveness, salvation and success for the forthcoming year.
“Say in the grace of Allah and in His mercy in that they should rejoice” (10:58)
Though we regret the passing of this auspicious month, and though Shaytan is released from his imprisonment, we are told by Allah to celebrate on the day immediately after Ramadhan. This is because we have succeeded in controlling our desires and purifying our souls. Moreover, the night of Eid has been likened in significance to that of Laylatul Qadr. Therefore, it is highly recommended to pass the night in worship and then attend the mosque in the morning for Eid Salat. After completing prayer and greeting friends and family, you can eat as much Jalebi as you wish.
“So that you may learn restraint” (2:183)
The above verse highlights the aim of fasting for the month of Ramadhan, and it should be an aim we carry on into the next month, the one after that and all those that follow. The Holy Prophet (SAW) has said that only the wretched do not achieve forgiveness from Allah in this month, and as none of us are wretched, it is as if we have been born again, ready to start afresh. We should, therefore, enter Shawwal striving to be better Muslims. We can achieve this by continuing to pray on time, fasting on those days it is Mustahab to do so and reciting Qur’an whenever possible.
Eid al-Fitr – Before, During and After; By Mohammed Abbas Jaffer