Nowruz – 20th March 2012In: General
What do our scholars say about this day and its importance? Ayatullah al-Uzma Makarim Shirazi, in his recent publication, Mafaatih al-Naveen (an updated version of Mafaatih al-Jinaan of Shaykh Abbas Qummi), writes: “In regards to what Islam has to say about Eid-e-Nowrooz, we must state that amongst the scholars, this Eid is debated. Some of the traditions point to the importance of this day as one in which many nations were saved (from perils).”
He goes on to state that, “The Late Allamah Majlisi writes in Zad al-Ma‘aad that, “From a reliable chain of narrators from Mu‘alla ibne Janis it has been narrated that on the day of Nowrooz, he was blessed to be in the presence of Imam as-Sadiq (AS). The Imam asked, “Do you know the status of this day?” Mu‘alla replied, “May I be sacrificed for your sake! This is the day which the Iranians took as a great day. On this day, they send gifts to one another.” The Imam replied, “The act of holding this day in esteem and greatness is due to certain historical events which took place which I will now explain to you.” The Imam then mentioned the following events:
1. Nowrooz is the day when Allah, the High, took the Oath of Allegiance from the souls of all human beings (before their creation) to His oneness, that they would not associate partners with Him and that they would accept and believe in His Prophets and Imams;
2. This is also the day when the flood during the time of Prophet Nuh (AS) subsided and the ark rested on the mountain of Joodi;
3. Nowrooz is also the day when the Messenger of Allah destroyed the idols of the polytheists of the Quraish in the city of Makkah.
4. This was also the day that Prophet Ibrahim (AS) destroyed the idols;
5. Also the day when the Messenger of Allah ordered his companions to pledge allegiance to Ali as the Commander of the Faithful (this is in reference to the Day of Ghadeer which took place on the Eid-e-Nowrooz);
6. it is also the day when the Qa’im from Aale Muhammad (the 12th Imam) will make his advent…”
However, Ayatullah Makarim Shirazi cautions that, “Since Mu‘alla ibne Janis is an individual whom the scholars question (and thus this tradition as well falls under question), for this reason, it is not possible to rely on this tradition.” None the less, he states that this day has Islamic significance, which we need to ensure is marked in an Islamic fashion. He concludes by stating that the Eid-e-Nowrooz is an Eid of nature in the world of creation; it is the day when winter ends and spring blossoms with its natural life by the command of Allah. It is the time when the leaves of the trees begin to sprout their buds and the flowers begin to bring forth their bulbs in preparation of their blooming; it is a time when a movement towards life takes hold of all of creation and thus we, the believers, should be in harmony with this event of the creation as this is equivalent to being in sync with the tradition (Sunnat) of Allah.
The believers need to ensure that they remove all actions which are ‘cultural’ or ‘traditional’ – even if practiced by Muslims, and to follow the dictates of the Prophet and the Imams. Thus, some of the recommend actions which we should perform on this day include: a ghusl for Eid; wearing clean clothes; applying perfume; fasting, praying the recommended Salat after Salaatul Asr and the various supplications which should be read on this day, some of which are found in Mafaatih al-Jinaan [The Prayer’s Almanac in English by PET].
According to the Holy Prophet (SA) and 6th Imam (AS), the rain water of this month is very useful for curing many ailments. It is also said that this water causes fertility in women. So if a childless female drinks this water, she may give birth to a child. [Mafateehul Jinaan – Pg 639].
Recommended Aa’maal of E’id Nawrooz
(1) Have a bath.
(2) Put on new or clean clothes and apply perfume.
(3) Keep fast.
(4) Pray a 4 Rak-a’t salaat, after the Z’uhr and A’sr prayers, as under:
In the first Rak-a’t after the recitation of Soorah Al Faatih’ah, recite Soorah Al Qadr 10 times.
In the second Rak-a’t, after the recitation of Soorah Al Faatih’ah, recite Soorah Al Kaafiroon 10 times.
In the third Rak-a’t, after the recitation of Soorah Al-Faatih’ah, recite Soorah Al Ikhlaas 10 times.
In the fourth Rak-a’t, after the recitation of Soorah Al Faatih’ah, recite Soorah Al Falaq 10 times, and Soorah Al Naas 10 times.
(5) Pray other Duas mentioned in Mafati-ul-Jinan and other books.
(6). Ask your hajats.
Source: Mustafa Mawjee