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Total Solar Eclipse: Fri 20 March 2015

In: Team for Advice on Issues of Astronomy

There will be a Total Solar Eclipse on Friday 20 March 2015.

The Eclipse is due to begin at 8.25am London time. This is where the Moon touches the Sun’s edge.

Maximum Eclipse will be at 9.31am London time. This is where the Moon is closest to the centre of the Sun.

The Eclipse will end at 10.41am London time. This is where the Moon leaves the Sun’s edge.

According to Rule 1504 from Islamic Laws by Ayatullah Syed Ali Sistani (HA), The time of Namaz-e-Ayaat sets in as the eclipse starts, and remains till the eclipse is over. It is better, however, not to delay till the reversal of eclipse commences, though completion of Namaz-e-Ayaat may coincide with the time of reversal.

Mu’mineen are reminded to recite Salaatul Ayaat during the recommended time of 8.25am – 9.31am.

Method of offering Namaz-e-Ayaat

Namaz-e-Ayaat consists of two Rak’ats, and there are five Ruku in each. Its method is as follows: After making niyyat of offering the prayers, one should say takbir (Allahu Akbar) and recite Surah al-Hamd and the other Surah, and then perform the Ruku. Thereafter, he should stand and recite Surah al-Hamd and a Surah and then perform another Ruku. He should repeat this action five times, and, when he stands after the fifth Ruku, he should perform two Sajdah, and then stand up to perform the second Rak’at in the same manner as he has done in the first. Then he should recite tashahhud and Salam.

Namaz-e-Ayaat can also be offered in the following manner:

After making niyyat to offer Namaz-e-Ayaat, a person is allowed to say takbir and recite Surah al-Hamd and then divide the verses of the other Surah into five parts, and recite one verse or more or less, and thereafter perform the Ruku.
He should then stand up and recite another part of the Surah (without reciting Surah al-Hamd) and then perform another Ruku. He should repeat this action, and finish that Surah before performing the fifth Ruku.
For example, he may say: Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim Qul a-ao thu bi rabil falaq, and perform the Ruku.
He should then stand up and say, Min sharri ma khalaq, and perform another Ruku.
He should then stand up and say, Wa min sharri ghaassiqin e-tha waqab, and perform the third Ruku. Thereafter he should stand up again and say, Wa min sharril nafathaati fil oqaad, and perform the fourth Ruku.
Then he should stand up again and say, Wa min sharri haassidin e-tha hassad, and then perform two Sajdah and then rise for the second Rak’at, the same way as the first Rak’at.
At the end, he should recite tashahhud and Salam after the two Sajdah. It is also permissible to divide a Surah into less than five parts. In that event, however, it is necessary that when the Surah is over, one should recite Surah al-Hamd before the next Ruku.

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